Types of Embedded Systems

Hello friends,
Embedded system is the ever-green buzz in industries, but as understand with my few recent communication with many students even few working professionals does not know about the embedded system. Here I will explain what is embedded system? What all are the types of embedded system? Where you can get a job in an embedded system? What is the job opportunity in an embedded system? How you can learn the embedded system? and etc.
So what is embedded system? This most common question asked by our student. Embedded system is a combination of Hardware and software.

Types of Embedded Systems:

The combination of hardware and software in a system, we can call as the embedded system. In any electronic system, it requires a hardware platform which is made by a microprocessor or microcontroller. The Embedded system hardware consists of the user interface, Input / Output interfaces, display, and memory, etc. Usually, an embedded system consists of following elements which are shown in below figure.

embedded courses in bangalore

Embedded system can be classified into different categories based on their performance, requirements for the operation, the performance of the microcontroller.

Types of Embedded Systems, embedded systems training in bangalore

Embedded systems are classified into 4 categories based on their performance and functional requirements.

  • Standalone
  • Real-time
  • Networked
  • Mobile

And based on their performance of microcontroller this field is again subdivided into

  • Small-scale
  • Medium scale
  • Sophisticated

1. Standalone:

In this category, systems don’t need any host like a computer. It can work on its own. It will receive the inputs through its input ports and calculate it and gives the output through output ports. Examples for this types are a microwave oven, digital camera, DVD players, etc..

2.Real-time:

These type of embedded systems will give the output in particular time. All these works will finish within the deadline of time. Examples for this, we use real-time embedded systems in avionics, railway, ships, traffic control for highways, automotive etc.

3.Networked:

These type of embedded systems will receive the resources (data as inputs and output) by using a network. It can be LAN, WAN or internet, wired or wireless. This is the fastest growing working field. The embedded web server is a system wherein all embedded devices are connected to a web server and accessed and controlled by a web browser. Example, Home automation using LAN networking.

4.Mobile Embedded Systems:

Mobile embedded systems we are using in everyday life. Embedded devices like cell phones, mobiles, digital cameras, mp3 players and personal digital assistants, etc. are the examples for this field. One of the limitations in this field is its resources and memory.

5. Small-scale:

By using the battery for power supply and 8/16 bit microcontroller we can develop small-scale embedded systems. For developing software for small-scale embedded systems, mainly we needed programming tools are an editor, assembler, cross assembler and integrated development environment (IDE).

6. Medium Scale:

These types of embedded systems design with a single 16 or 32-bit microcontroller, RISCs or DSPs. These types of embedded systems have both hardware and software complexities. For developing embedded software for medium scale embedded systems, the main programming tools are C, C++, JAVA, Visual C++, RTOS, debugger, source code engineering tool, simulator, and IDE.

7. High-end embedded systems:

These types of embedded systems have enormous hardware and software complexities that may need ASIPs, IPs, PLAs, scalable or configurable processors. They are used for high-end applications that need hardware and software Co-design and components which needed to assemble in the final system.

Based on above classifications, here you can find different fields of embedded systems.

Embedded Systems in Smart Cards, Missiles and Satellites

  • Security systems
  • Telephone and banking
  • Defense and aerospace
  • Communication

Embedded Systems in Consumer Electronics

  • Digital Cameras
  • Set-top Boxes
  • High Definition TVs
  • DVDs
  • Etc..
In here see some applications
  • Embedded System for Auto Intensity Control
  • Embedded System for Industrial Temperature Control
  • Application of Embedded System for War Field Spying Robot
  • Speed Control Unit Designed for a DC Motor
  • Thyristor Power Control with IR Remote
  • Three Phase Solid State Relay with ZVS
  • Auto Power Supply Control from 4 Different Sources: Solar, Mains, Generator &Inverter to ensure No Break Power
  • IOT Based Energy Meter Reading Through Internet
  • Internet (IOT) of Things based underground cable fault distance display using GSM
  • Electronic passport system using smart card
  • Patient body temperature monitoring remotely using Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Power saver for street light using high sensitive LDR managed by Arduino
  • GSM based prepaid energy meter
  • Automatic meter reading system using Zigbee
  • A notice board display system using voice commands using an Android phone
  • Home automation using voice commands
  • Solar based electric fencing system to deter cattle
  • Embedded System for Detecting Rash Driving on Highways
  • Embedded System for Traffic Signal Control System
  • Application of Embedded System for Vehicle Tracking
  • Application of Embedded System for Home Automation System
  • Thyristor Controlled Power for Induction Motor
  • Lamp Life Extender by ZVS (Zero Voltage Switching).
  • Industrial Power Control by Integral Cycle Switching without Generating Harmonics.
  • Industrial Battery Charger by Thyristor Firing Angle Control

Embedded Systems in Automobiles and in telecommunications

  • Motor and cruise control system
  • Body or Engine safety
  • Entertainment and multimedia in car
  • E-Com and Mobile access
  • Robotics in the assembly line
  • Wireless communication
  • Mobile computing and networking

Embedded Systems in Peripherals & Computer Networking

  • Displays and Monitors
  • Networking Systems
  • Image Processing
  • Network cards and printers

The above applications are covered in the small area of real-time applications. But nowadays embedded is one of the most widely used applications anywhere in the world. We all know that these systems are extremely fabulous systems that play important role in many devices, equipment’s, industrial instrumentation and home appliances irrespective of circuit complexity.

For understanding, we will explain some of the fields here.

  • Automotive
  • Automotive
  • Home automation
  • Industries automation
  • Medical
  • Defense/aerospace
  • Consumer electronic
  • IOT
  • Networking
  • Telecom
  • Navigation/fleet management
  • Artificial intelligent / machine learning

There are 1000’s of applications of the embedded system, few of them are

  • Embedded System for Detecting Rash Driving on Highways
  • Embedded System for Traffic Signal Control System
  • Application of Embedded System for Vehicle Tracking
  • Application of Embedded System for Home Automation System
  • Thyristor Controlled Power for Induction Motor
  • Lamp Life Extender by ZVS (Zero Voltage Switching).
  • Industrial Power Control by Integral Cycle Switching without Generating Harmonics.
  • Industrial Battery Charger by Thyristor Firing Angle Control

Embedded Systems in Automobiles and in telecommunications

  • Motor and cruise control system
  • Body or Engine safety
  • Entertainment and multimedia in car
  • E-Com and Mobile access
  • Robotics in the assembly line
  • Wireless communication
  • Mobile computing and networking

Embedded Systems in Peripherals  & Computer Networking

  • Displays and Monitors
  • Networking Systems
  • Image Processing
  • Network cards and printers

Embedded Systems in Medical domain

  • Heart rate monitor
  • Life support system
  • Ventilator
  • Pulse monitor
  • Insulin injector
  • Blood Testing Equipment’s

Embedded Systems in Industrial Automation

  • Process controller
  • HMI display
  • PLC Device
  • Automatic Temperature controller
  • Automatic Roti maker

Embedded Systems in Home Automation

  • Automatic temp controller
  • Voice controller Lights
  • Door locks, video wall

Embedded System in Navigation/Fleet Management

  • GPS-GSM navigation device
  • Vehicle monitoring system
  • Kids tracking system

IOT

  • Real-time air pressure monitoring device
  • Pacemaker
  • Home automation and real-time monitoring

Embedded Systems in Aerospace/ Defense

  • Missiles control
  • Flight control/ Autopilot
  • Satellite navigation

Embedded Systems in Power Domain

  • Power factor correction
  • UPS/Invertor/ Online UPS
  • Auto switchover device
  • Load Control
  • Streetlight control

In Each field there are many companies are working worldwide, of the famous companies are BOSCH, Continental, Tata Motors, Mercedes, Rockwell, Honeywell, happiest mind, Toshiba, Alstom, UST Global, L&T, Linkwell telesystem, Aptiv, Continental, Infosys, Wipro, sasken communication etc.

Professional Training Institute- Provider of Embedded Systems Courses in Bangalore

How to enter into embedded system world: In our college, we are not having a good subject which covers the embedded system in details. Here in Professional Training Institute provider of embedded systems courses in Bangalore, we focus on practical hands-on training, which enables our student to learn deeply embedded system concepts with hands-on experience. We believe in learning by doing. So come and explore the new learning world for a great future.

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